CanadaA Mari Usque ad Mare - From Land to Sea
index_htm_txt_canada-map1220936116.gif


Population: 34,125,000
Areal: 9,984,670 square kilometres

Official Languages: English and French
Capital: Ottawa
Largest city: Toronto
Nathional anthem: O' Canada
Constitution day: 1st of July
Government: Parliament




Ethnic groups in Canada
10540_1.jpg
Canada is a multi-ethnic nation, and aside from the ancestors of the Aboriginal Peoples of Canada, most of the citizens are immigrants or ancestors of immigrants today. Nearly all citizens immigrated the last five centuries, although most of the immigrants came in the 1900s. Most of the immigrants have come from the United States of America, Europe and Asia.
The Aboriginal Peoples of Canada probably migrated over The Bering Sea around 10 to 30 thousand years ago. Today there are over 53 Aboriginal languages spoken that we can almost only find in Canada. Aboriginal Peoples of Canada are the First Nations, Iniuts and Métis. The First Nations lived all over Canada, and the people who lived by the coast depended on fishing and hunting, and those who lived on the prairies moved with buffalo herds which they hunted for food, clothing and tools. The inuits were aboriginal people located on Arctic region of Canada. They adjusted well to the cold climate by hunting seals, whales and polar bears. Most of the Inuits lived in the area of Canada we today call Nunavut. The Métis are the descendants of both European and First Nations. Many French fur traders and English traders married First Nations women, so the Métis developed to be an important part of the fur trade and made their own distinct culture on the prairies.